Luanda Approach

The Luanda Approach area (FNLU_APP), it spreads to 80 miles, with center on VOR of Luanda (VNA), and from an Altitude of 3100Ft (MSL) to 16500Ft (MSL)

  • Active Positions

 IVAC log-in  Call-sign  Frequency FRA  Limits   Obs
 FNLU_APP  Luanda Approach  119.100     3100Ft -> FL165  Procedural control with no Radar surveillance.*
*Manages Luanda Arrivals and Departures, and all traffic below FL165, crossing or within its TMA (80nm).
*AirSpace Class E
*It may assume Luanda Tower responsability (FNLU_TWR), if the station is absent/inactive.

  • Airspace



Minimum Vectoring Altitude

In some cases, in which RADAR operation is allowed (as in training or exams), the MVA (Minimum Vectoring Altitude) is considered 2500ft, the same value as the MSA (Minimum Sector Altitude).


TA and TRL

  • The transition Altitude for Luanda is 3000ft (published)
  • The Transition Level will vary according to QNH:

QNH 1013 and bellow, Transition Level is FL050.

QNH 1014 and above, Transition Level will be FL040.


Traffic control / Handoffs 

  • From FNLU_APP to FNLU_TWR:
    • VFR traffic at or bellow 3000Ft within Tower Area control (15nm center on VNA VOR).
    • Every other traffic at or bellow 3000ft will remain non-controlled, unless otherwise asked by the pilots (Flight following reasons) 
  • From FNLU_APP to FNAN_CTR:
    • All traffic above 16500Ft (FL165) 
    • All traffic leaving the Approach control Area, (80nm center on VNA - Luanda VOR).

  • Traffic Management Procedures

Luanda APP, has instrument procedures, being RNAV, SIDs and STARs.

Aircraft non-certified or unable to fulfill these procedures will use alternative VOR, NDB, direct flyover, and circling procedures and will be advised by the ATC (traffic information), in order to maintain Minima separation.

SeparationMinima within the TMA area is:

  • 1000 ft vertical and 5 nm horizontal, at all times.


The Minima separation will be applied due to wake turbulence. The general adjustment made by the FNLU_APP, if necessary, will be according below:

  • 250 KT below FL120.
  • 230 KT for Holdings and DME archs.
  • 220 KT leaving the  IAF.
  • 210 KT apon receiving the initial approach procedure approval, until final 12 DME.
  • 180 KT until 9 final DME.
  • 160 KT until final 4 DME.


VFR Traffic

  • VFR traffic will operate below 3000Ft and outside the RWYs approaching areas.
  • VFR Traffic may be allowed, if monitored by FNLU_APP.
  • FNLU_APP will only provide, Weather Information and traffic advisor Services, for VFR Traffic requesting such Info, operating outside the Controlled zone.



  • Enroute Traffic (below FL165)
    • Enroute traffic must enter via Luanda TMA FIXs (80nm), cross (overfly) the VNA and exit via Luanda TMA FIXs (80nm). Flight Levels should be monitored according semi-circular rule.
  • VFR Traffic.
    • VFR traffic overflying is allowed, outside the 12 DME Arch on the W and E sectors.
    • Any other traffic that requires a different trajectory, such as the coastline, must notify the ATC, and maybe cleared, according to coordination with FNLU_TWR.


  • Arrival Procedures

Arrival Routes

 RWY  Procedure (STAR)  Alt.  Restriction (Notes) Pista  Procedure   Alt. Restriction (Notes)
23 ILDIN 1B  (to EVADA) FL50 - RNAV from NE 05 Intc. VNA R from 80nm FIX - - N, NW and NE
23 PADAL 1B  (to EVADA) FL50 - RNAV from NE 05  Intc. VNA r from 80nmFIX - - E
23 UNDOS 1B (to EVADA) FL50 - RNAV from NE 05  Intc. VNA r from 80nmFIX - - W
23 ESTOX 1B (to EVADA) FL50 - RNAV from NE 05  Intc. VNA r from 80nmFIX - - S and SE
23 AVOVA 1A (to IMKAK) FL110 - RNAV from S and SE 05 - - -
23 KIMBU 1B (to IMKAK) FL110 - RNAV from S and SE        
23 MEMAS 1B (to IMKAK)  FL50 - RNAV from S and SE        
23 DETKU 1B (to IMKAK)  FL50 - RNAV from S and SE        
23 ARGOL 1A (to IMKAK)  FL50 - RNAV from S and SE        
23 EXALA 1B (to IMKAK)  FL50 - RNAV from S and SE        
 Rwy  Procedure   Alt. Restriction (Notes)  Rwy  Procedure   Alt. Restriction (Notes)
25 IMKAK than Visual 3000ft 07 N/A - -
25 IMKAK than Visual 3000ft 07 N/A -
25 IMKAK than Visual 3000ft 07 N/A -






Exit Procedures

Exit Routes

FNLU_TWR will be responsible to approved FlightPlans of any Traffic exiting Luanda, in coordination with FNLU_APP.  In general, exit procedures will be according published SIDs (below). Any other procedure should be approved by FNLU_APP.

 RWY  Procedure (SID)  Alt. Restriction (Notes) Pista  Procedure   Alt. Restriction (Notes)
23 G299U 1A 2500Ft - NW 05  Intc. O/b Radial to 80nm FIX - - N, NW and NE
23 EGPEK 1B 2500Ft - N 05  Intc. O/b Radial to 80nm FIX - - E
23 G122T 1A 2500Ft - E 05  Intc. O/b Radial to 80nm FIX - - W
23 G180U 1A 2500Ft - S and SE 05  Cross VNA  Intc. O/b Radial - - S and SE
23 G241V 1A 2500Ft - W 05 - - -
 Rwy  Procedure   Alt. Restriction (Notes)  Rwy  Procedure   Alt. Restriction (Notes)
25  Right turn dct AVUTA - - to SOIO and CABINDA (N) 07  Left turn dct AVUTA - -  to SOIO and CABINDA (N)
25  Righ turn interc. O/b Radial - - NE 07  Right turn, interc. O/b Radial - - NE, E and SE
25  Rwy Hdg 10dme - - W, S and SE 07  Left turn, cross VNA 3000ft - S






FNLU_APP will stablish the sequence of traffic, with the most possible antecipation, aplying separation technics, to minimize traffic congestion or delays. The sequence and separation procedure will be done according Procedural control, based on pilot reports.


Approaching Instrument Charts Here